In honor of this yr’s Penguin Consciousness day, the British Antarctic Survey introduced the existence of a beforehand undiscovered emperor penguin colony in one of the distant and inaccessible components of Antarctica. Scientists noticed the colony, the 66th to be discovered on the continent, by evaluating satellite tv for pc imagery captured by the European House Company’s Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission and Maxar’s WorldView-3 satellite tv for pc.

The photograph you see under is the one which led the British Antarctic Survey to the colony. The brown stains that distinction in opposition to the stark white ice and snow of the Verleger Level in West Antarctica are the amassed “guano” droppings seabirds like emperor penguins go away behind when they should relieve themselves. For the final 15 years, the British Antarctic Survey has been looking for new penguin colonies by utilizing satellite tv for pc imagery to identify the tell-tale poo stains. Of the 66 colonies people find out about in Antarctica, precisely half have been discovered utilizing satellites.

Maxar Applied sciences

“That is an thrilling discovery,” stated Dr Peter Fretwell, one of many researchers who led the research. “[But] like most of the just lately found websites, this colony is small and in a area badly affected by latest sea ice loss.” As The Guardian factors out, emperor penguins are the one identified penguins to breed on ice. That makes them notably susceptible to local weather change. The birds want the ice round their colonies to final between April and September to offer their offspring sufficient time to develop. “If the ice breaks up earlier than that, the chicks fall into the water and drown or freeze,” Fretwell informed the outlet. One latest research predicted most emperor penguins may turn into extinct by the top of the century if the world’s nations don’t discover a approach to restrict world warming to 1.5 levels Celsius.

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