Graphene’s spec sheet reads like a superhero’s profile. 2 hundred instances stronger than metal, 1,000,000 instances thinner than a human hair, and a thousand instances extra conductive than copper, it’s no shock the substance is named a “marvel materials.” 

When the sheet of carbon was first isolated in 2004 at Manchester University, the breakthrough rocked the scientific world. Numerous functions for the “miracle substance” had been envisioned, from storing solar energy to sewing batteries into our bodies. On the EU, plans to capitalize on the fabric’s promise had been drawn up.

In 2013, the bloc launched the Graphene Flagship, an initiative to commercialize the fabric. Backed by a €1 billion finances and almost 170 tutorial and industrial companions spanning 22 nations, the challenge raised hopes of Europe turning into a graphene powerhouse. The early “graphene gold rush,” nevertheless, didn’t instantly result in riches. However a promising sector is slowly rising on the continent.

Graphene is a one-atom-thick layer of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice.